To stop collective blame of Muslims, reference Christian terrorists

The month following the November 2015 Paris terrorist attack, incidents of hate crimes in the United States against Muslims spiked to 45, up from an average of 13 monthly incidents the previous four years, according to FBI data. However, after the 2017 Las Vegas shooting by a white male, the same directed anger toward white men never materialized.

Emile Bruneau wanted to understand why such collective blame—holding an entire group responsible for the actions of one individual—applies to some populations but not others.  

Full article here.

Collectively blaming groups for the actions of individuals can license vicarious retribution. Acts of terrorism by Muslim
extremists against innocents, and the spikes in anti-Muslim hate crimes against innocent Muslims that follow, suggest that
reciprocal bouts of collective blame can spark cycles of violence. How can this cycle be short-circuited? After establishing a
link between collective blame of Muslims and anti-Muslim attitudes and behavior, we used an “interventions tournament” to
identify a successful intervention (among many that failed). The “winning” intervention reduced collective blame of Muslims
by highlighting hypocrisy in the ways individuals collectively blame Muslims—but not other groups (White Americans,
Christians)—for individual group members’ actions. After replicating the effect in an independent sample, we demonstrate
that a novel interactive activity that isolates the psychological mechanism amplifies the effectiveness of the collective blame
hypocrisy intervention and results in downstream reductions in anti-Muslim attitudes and anti-Muslim behavior.