international relations Archive

Parochial empathy predicts reduced altruism and the endorsement of passive harm

Bruneau, E. G., Cikara, M., & Saxe, R. (2017). Parochial Empathy Predicts Reduced Altruism and the
Author: Date: Jul 9, 2017

Darker Demons of our Nature: The Need to (Re-)Focus Attention on Blatant Forms of Dehumanization.

Kteily, N. S., & Bruneau, E. (2017).Darker Demons of our Nature: The Need to (Re-)Focus Attention
Author: Date: Jun 14, 2017

They see us as less than human: Meta-dehumanization predicts intergroup conflict via reciprocal dehumanization

Kteily, N., Hodson, G., & Bruneau, E. (2016). They see us as less than human: Meta-dehumanization predicts
Author: Date: Jul 9, 2016

Putting Neuroscience to Work for Peace

Bruneau, E. (2015). Putting Neuroscience to Work for Peace. The social psychology of intractable conflicts: The
Author: Date: Jul 9, 2015

The Brain's Empathy Gap

"What role does group identity play? Does authority make us passive or just reinforce our belief
Author: Date: Mar 19, 2015

Ingroup/Outgroup Distinctions – Neuroscience Findings and Upshot.

Bruneau, E.G. (2012). Ingroup/Outgroup Distinctions – Neuroscience Findings and Upshot. White Volume: National Security Challenges: Insights
Author: Date: Jul 9, 2012

Social cognition in members of conflict groups: behavioural and neural responses in Arabs, Israelis and South Americans to each other’s misfortunes.

Bruneau, E., Dufour, N., & Saxe, R. (2012). Social cognition in members of conflict groups: behavioural
Author: Date: Jun 30, 2012

Collectively blaming groups for the actions of individuals can license vicarious retribution. Acts of terrorism by Muslim
extremists against innocents, and the spikes in anti-Muslim hate crimes against innocent Muslims that follow, suggest that
reciprocal bouts of collective blame can spark cycles of violence. How can this cycle be short-circuited? After establishing a
link between collective blame of Muslims and anti-Muslim attitudes and behavior, we used an “interventions tournament” to
identify a successful intervention (among many that failed). The “winning” intervention reduced collective blame of Muslims
by highlighting hypocrisy in the ways individuals collectively blame Muslims—but not other groups (White Americans,
Christians)—for individual group members’ actions. After replicating the effect in an independent sample, we demonstrate
that a novel interactive activity that isolates the psychological mechanism amplifies the effectiveness of the collective blame
hypocrisy intervention and results in downstream reductions in anti-Muslim attitudes and anti-Muslim behavior.