PEOPLE

Director

Emile Bruneau

Email: ebruneau@asc.upenn.edu

Phone: 857-203-2080

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Dr. Emile Bruneau is a social and cognitive scientist who is director of the Peace and Conflict Neuroscience Lab at the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania, and lead scientist at the Beyond Conflict Innovation Lab. His research is focused on better understanding the psychological and cognitive biases that drive intergroup conflict, and critically examining the impact of interventions aimed at decreasing intergroup hostility. Specifically, he focuses on the (lack of) empathy and dehumanization that often characterize intergroup conflicts, and how empathy and humanity can potentially be restored through virtual and media-based encounters with ‘the other’. His recent efforts are focused on hostility towards minority groups (e.g., Islamophobia, anti-Roma bias), and between groups in conflict (e.g., Israelis and Palestinians). His work has received funding from the UN, US Institute for Peace, Soros Foundation, DARPA, ONR, and DRAPER Laboratories.

Click here to read more about the experiences that led Emile to focus his research on intergroup conflict.

Postdoctoral Fellows 

Samantha Moore-Berg

Email: samantha.mooreberg@asc.upenn.edu

 

Dr. Samantha Moore-Berg is a Postdoctoral Researcher in the Peace and Conflict Neuroscience Lab at the University of Pennsylvania. Her research bridges the areas of social psychology, cognitive psychology, and neuroscience to study links between behavior and social-cognitive processes that evolve in intergroup contexts. Her main research interests include 1) designing and implementing prejudice and discrimination reduction interventions, 2) investigating how prejudiced attitudes give way to discriminatory behaviors, and 3) isolating cognitive functions that contribute to or predict prejudiced attitudes and subsequent behaviors. Samantha received her Ph.D. in Social Psychology at Temple University in 2018 and her B.A. in Psychology and Sociology at Florida State University in 2013.

Boaz Hameiri

Email: boaz.hameiri@asc.upenn.edu 

 

I am a postdoctoral fellow in the Peace and Conflict Neuroscience Lab at the University of Pennsylvania. My research focuses on intergroup processes, intergroup conflicts, developing psychological interventions that aim to promote better intergroup relations and conflict resolution, and testing these interventions in the lab and in the field on a large scale. In my Ph.D. dissertation, I developed a new line of psychological interventions based on the “paradoxical thinking” approach and tested it in the context of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. In addition, I am interested in studying victimhood as an interpersonal and intergroup phenomenon, and its effects on processes of conflict resolution and reconciliation.

Lab Managers

Alexandra Paul

Email: alexandra.paul@asc.upenn.edu
Phone: 215-573-9901

Ally graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Swarthmore College with a BA in Psychology. Ally’s previous research has looked at: the effects of social norms on motivation and short term memory; the role of anticipated regret in decision-making among clinical populations; and use of music-based, mindful meditation during a preoperative informed consent process. She is excited to learn more about the neural underpinnings of ingroup-outgroup biases and how this information can be used to design interventions combating prejudice.

Melis Ezgi Çakar

Email: melis.cakar@asc.upenn.edu

Melis Çakar (pronounce “meh-lease cha-car”) received her BA in Neuroscience from Pomona College in 2017. She previously researched the relationship between stress, depression and neuroplasticity and the role of verb aspect-dependent reactivation in memory reconsolidation in human subjects. Melis is currently interested in unraveling the neural basis of dehumanization of outgroup members.

Undergraduate Research Assistants

Sara Stith is an undergraduate Behavioral Neuroscience student at the University of San Diego (‘19). Her past research experiences focused on circuit assembly in the developing mouse nervous system through genetic, electrophysiological, and histological methods; as well as linking honey bee colony behavior sequences to communication. She is excited to combine her backgrounds in neuroscience and international relations in order to research interventions for the mitigation of prejudice and conflict between groups.
Will Friend is an undergraduate student majoring in Conflict, Economics and Strategy (CES) at Brown University ('20). He is interested in combining the insights of various disciplines' approaches to studying conflict - foremost neurocognitive and socio-psychological methods - in order to improve conflict resolution processes across a variety of contexts. 
Dinur Aboody is an undergraduate Psychology student at the Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya in Israel (’19). His interests lie in combining insights from neuroscience and behavioral approaches to investigate group-based emotions – particularly the emotion of betrayal — in order to improve designs of dialogue and peace -buliding programs across a variety of different contexts of conflict. 

Main Collaborators

Emily Falk, Communication Neuroscience Lab

Emily Falk is an Associate Professor of Communication, Psychology, and Marketing at the University of Pennsylvania.  Her work traverses levels of analysis from individual behavior, to diffusion in group and population level media effects. In particular, Prof. Falk is interested in predicting behavior change following exposure to persuasive messages and in understanding what makes successful ideas spread (e.g. through social networks, through cultures).

Rebecca Saxe, Saxelab Social Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory

Rebecca Saxe is a Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience in the department of BCS at MIT and an associate member of the McGovern Institute. Her lab studies the mechanism people use to infer and reason about another person’s states of mind, called 'Theory of Mind', as a case study in the deeper and broader question: how does the brain - an electrical and biological machine - construct abstract thoughts?

Nour Kteily, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University

Nour Kteily is an Assistant Professor of Management and Organizations. His research uses the tools of social psychology to investigate how and why social hierarchy and power disparities between groups emerge, and how this influences intergroup relations and prospects for conflict resolution. He is particularly interested in investigating the psychological mechanisms, at both the individual and group levels, that predict support for challenging versus maintaining hierarchy in society.

Muniba Saleem, The Conflict Research Laboratory

Muniba Saleem is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Communication Studies at the University of MIchigan and a Faculty Associate at the Institute for Social Research. She conducts experimental research on conflict, aggressive and prosocial behaviors, media effects, identity conflicts, and intergroup relations. Much of her work examines how people communicate, think, and interact in conflict situations at the interpersonal or intergroup level. 

Diana Tamir, Princeton Social Neuroscience Lab

Diana Tamir is an assistant professor at Princeton University. She investigates questions surrounding the thoughts, cognitive processes, and behaviors that occur at the place where our internal world meets the external social world. Particular areas of interest include the tension between selfish and social motives, the way in which people think about their own minds and the minds of others, and how people use the power of imagination to conjure up simulated experiences that transcend the here-and-now.

Partners

Collectively blaming groups for the actions of individuals can license vicarious retribution. Acts of terrorism by Muslim
extremists against innocents, and the spikes in anti-Muslim hate crimes against innocent Muslims that follow, suggest that
reciprocal bouts of collective blame can spark cycles of violence. How can this cycle be short-circuited? After establishing a
link between collective blame of Muslims and anti-Muslim attitudes and behavior, we used an “interventions tournament” to
identify a successful intervention (among many that failed). The “winning” intervention reduced collective blame of Muslims
by highlighting hypocrisy in the ways individuals collectively blame Muslims—but not other groups (White Americans,
Christians)—for individual group members’ actions. After replicating the effect in an independent sample, we demonstrate
that a novel interactive activity that isolates the psychological mechanism amplifies the effectiveness of the collective blame
hypocrisy intervention and results in downstream reductions in anti-Muslim attitudes and anti-Muslim behavior.