In Press Archive

The unique effects of blatant dehumanization on attitudes and behavior towards Muslim refugees during the European 'Refugee Crisis' across four countries.

Bruneau, E., Kteily, N., & Laustsen, L. (In Press). The unique effects of blatant dehumanization on attitudes
Author: Date: Nov 22, 2017

Parochial empathy predicts reduced altruism and the endorsement of passive harm

Bruneau, E. G., Cikara, M., & Saxe, R. (2017). Parochial Empathy Predicts Reduced Altruism and the
Author: Date: Jul 9, 2017

Giving the Underdog a Leg Up: A Counternarrative of Nonviolent Resistance Improves Sustained Third-Party Support of a Disempowered Group

Bruneau, E., Lane, D., & Saleem, M. (2017). Giving the Underdog a Leg Up: exposure to
Author: Date: Jul 9, 2017

Collectively blaming groups for the actions of individuals can license vicarious retribution. Acts of terrorism by Muslim
extremists against innocents, and the spikes in anti-Muslim hate crimes against innocent Muslims that follow, suggest that
reciprocal bouts of collective blame can spark cycles of violence. How can this cycle be short-circuited? After establishing a
link between collective blame of Muslims and anti-Muslim attitudes and behavior, we used an “interventions tournament” to
identify a successful intervention (among many that failed). The “winning” intervention reduced collective blame of Muslims
by highlighting hypocrisy in the ways individuals collectively blame Muslims—but not other groups (White Americans,
Christians)—for individual group members’ actions. After replicating the effect in an independent sample, we demonstrate
that a novel interactive activity that isolates the psychological mechanism amplifies the effectiveness of the collective blame
hypocrisy intervention and results in downstream reductions in anti-Muslim attitudes and anti-Muslim behavior.