Publications Archive

The unique effects of blatant dehumanization on attitudes and behavior towards Muslim refugees during the European 'Refugee Crisis' across four countries.

Bruneau, E., Kteily, N., & Laustsen, L. (In Press). The unique effects of blatant dehumanization on attitudes
Author: Date: Nov 22, 2017

The Good and Bad of Empathy

New insights into the underpinnings of empathy might help us harness the emotion—just when we need
Author: Date: Nov 17, 2017

Parochial empathy predicts reduced altruism and the endorsement of passive harm

Bruneau, E. G., Cikara, M., & Saxe, R. (2017). Parochial Empathy Predicts Reduced Altruism and the
Author: Date: Jul 9, 2017

Giving the Underdog a Leg Up: A Counternarrative of Nonviolent Resistance Improves Sustained Third-Party Support of a Disempowered Group

Bruneau, E., Lane, D., & Saleem, M. (2017). Giving the Underdog a Leg Up: exposure to
Author: Date: Jul 9, 2017

Darker Demons of our Nature: The Need to (Re-)Focus Attention on Blatant Forms of Dehumanization.

Kteily, N. S., & Bruneau, E. (2017).Darker Demons of our Nature: The Need to (Re-)Focus Attention
Author: Date: Jun 14, 2017

Backlash: The Politics and Real-World Consequences of Minority Group Dehumanization

Kteily, N.*, & Bruneau, E.* (2017). Backlash- The Politics and Real-World Consequences of Minority Group Dehumanization.
Author: Date: Jun 9, 2017

They see us as less than human: Meta-dehumanization predicts intergroup conflict via reciprocal dehumanization

Kteily, N., Hodson, G., & Bruneau, E. (2016). They see us as less than human: Meta-dehumanization predicts
Author: Date: Jul 9, 2016

Localizing Pain Matrix and Theory of Mind networks with both verbal and non-verbal stimuli

Jacoby, N., Bruneau, E., Koster-Hale, J., & Saxe, R. (2016). Localizing Pain Matrix and Theory of
Author: Date: Jul 9, 2016

The Ascent of Man: Theoretical and Empirical Evidence for Blatant Dehumanization

Kteily, N.*, Bruneau, E.*, Waytz, A., & Cotterill, S. (2015). The Ascent of Man: Theoretical and
Author: Date: Jul 9, 2015

Putting Neuroscience to Work for Peace

Bruneau, E. (2015). Putting Neuroscience to Work for Peace. The social psychology of intractable conflicts: The
Author: Date: Jul 9, 2015

Minding the Gap: Narrative Descriptions about Mental States Attenuate Parochial Empathy

Bruneau, E., Cikara, M., & Saxe, R. (2015). Minding the Gap: Narrative Descriptions about Mental States
Author: Date: Jul 8, 2015

Empathic control through coordinated interaction of amygdala, theory of mind and extended pain matrix brain regions

Bruneau, E., Jacoby, N., & Saxe, R. (2015). Empathic control through coordinated interaction of amygdala, theory of
Author: Date: Apr 23, 2015

Their pain gives us pleasure

Cikara, M., Bruneau, E., Van Bavel, J., & Saxe, R. (2014). Their pain gives us pleasure:
Author: Date: Jul 8, 2014

How We Know It Hurts

Bruneau, E., Dufour, N., & Saxe, R. (2013). How We Know It Hurts. PloS one, 8(4), e63085.
Author: Date: Jun 30, 2013

Ingroup/Outgroup Distinctions – Neuroscience Findings and Upshot.

Bruneau, E.G. (2012). Ingroup/Outgroup Distinctions – Neuroscience Findings and Upshot. White Volume: National Security Challenges: Insights
Author: Date: Jul 9, 2012

Social cognition in members of conflict groups: behavioural and neural responses in Arabs, Israelis and South Americans to each other’s misfortunes.

Bruneau, E., Dufour, N., & Saxe, R. (2012). Social cognition in members of conflict groups: behavioural
Author: Date: Jun 30, 2012

Distinct roles of the ‘Shared Pain’ and ‘Theory of Mind’ networks in processing others’ emotional suffering.

Bruneau, E., Pluta, A., & Saxe, R. (2012). Distinct roles of the ‘Shared Pain’ and ‘Theory
Author: Date: Dec 2, 2011

Us and them intergroup failures of empathy

Cikara, M., Bruneau, E.G., & Saxe, R.R. (2011). Us and them intergroup failures of empathy. Current
Author: Date: Jun 30, 2011

Identifying, Measuring and Regulating the Psychological Biases that Contribute to Political Violence

Bruneau E, Saxe R. (2010). Identifying, measuring and regulating the psychological biases that contribute to political
Author: Date: Jul 9, 2010

Attitudes towards the outgroup are predicted by activity in the precuneus in Arabs and Israelis.

Bruneau, E., & Saxe, R. (2010). Attitudes Towards the Outgroup Are Predicted by Activity in the Precuneus
Author: Date: Jun 17, 2010

Collectively blaming groups for the actions of individuals can license vicarious retribution. Acts of terrorism by Muslim
extremists against innocents, and the spikes in anti-Muslim hate crimes against innocent Muslims that follow, suggest that
reciprocal bouts of collective blame can spark cycles of violence. How can this cycle be short-circuited? After establishing a
link between collective blame of Muslims and anti-Muslim attitudes and behavior, we used an “interventions tournament” to
identify a successful intervention (among many that failed). The “winning” intervention reduced collective blame of Muslims
by highlighting hypocrisy in the ways individuals collectively blame Muslims—but not other groups (White Americans,
Christians)—for individual group members’ actions. After replicating the effect in an independent sample, we demonstrate
that a novel interactive activity that isolates the psychological mechanism amplifies the effectiveness of the collective blame
hypocrisy intervention and results in downstream reductions in anti-Muslim attitudes and anti-Muslim behavior.